Is chronic rhinosinusitis associated with the risk of depression and anxiety?
In this cohort study of 48 672 participants in a nationwide insurance data set, the overall incidence of depression and anxiety during the 11-year follow-up was higher in the group with chronic rhinosinusitis than in the comparison group. The adjusted hazard ratio for development of depression and anxiety was higher in the chronic rhinosinusitis group without nasal polyps vs those with nasal polyps.
An increased incidence of depression and anxiety appears to be associated with chronic rhinosinusitis, and patients without nasal polyps seem to be at a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety than those with nasal polyps.
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is associated with a decreased quality of life, affecting physical and emotional aspects of daily function, the latter of which could manifest as depression and anxiety.
To evaluate the risk of depression and anxiety in CRS, depending on the CRS phenotype (CRS without nasal polyps [CRSsNP] and CRS with nasal polyps [CRSwNP]).
Design, Setting, and Participants
This retrospective nationwide cohort study used population-based insurance data (consisting of data from approximately 1 million patients). The study population included 16 224 patients with CRS and 32 448 individuals without CRS, with propensity score matching between groups according to sociodemographic factors and enrollment year. Data were collected from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2013, and analyzed from July 1 through November 15, 2018.
Main Outcomes and Measures
Survival analysis, the log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate the incidence, survival rate, and hazard ratio (HR) of depression and anxiety for each group.
Among the 48 672 individuals included in the study population (58.8% female), the overall incidence of depression during the 11-year follow-up was 1.51-fold higher in the CRS group than in the non-CRS group (24.2 vs 16.0 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.48-1.61). The incidence of anxiety was also higher in the CRS group than in the comparison group (42.2 vs 27.8 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.52-1.62). Moreover, the adjusted HRs of developing depression (CRSsNP, 1.61 [95% CI, 1.54-1.69]; CRSwNP, 1.41 [95% CI, 1.32-1.50]) and anxiety (CRSsNP, 1.63 [95% CI, 1.57-1.69]; CRSwNP, 1.45 [95% CI, 1.38-1.52]) were greater in patients with CRSsNP than in those with CRSwNP.
Conclusions and Relevance
This observational study suggests that CRS is associated with an increased incidence of depression and anxiety. Specifically, findings from this study found that patients without nasal polyps showed a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety than those with nasal polyps.
Kim J, Ko I, Kim MS, Yu MS, Cho B, Kim D. Association of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Depression and Anxiety in a Nationwide Insurance Population. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online February 07, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.4103
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