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January 2, 2020

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery—Best of 2019

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
  • 2Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, Vermont
  • 3Department of Otolaryngology, University of Illinois–Chicago, Chicago
  • 4Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters, Norfolk, Virginia
  • 5Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 6Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online January 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.4043

The Best of 2019 editorial represents a new addition to JAMA Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. This Editorial is written by members of the editorial board and highlights select articles published in the journal over the past year. The selected articles represent the main specialty domains covered by the journal.

The articles on the head and neck discuss smoking cessation1 and the large financial burden of head and neck cancer.2 The articles on endocrine functions discuss the importance of a balanced presentation of information to the patient with newly diagnosed papillary carcinoma, lessons learned from the widespread screening for thyroid cancer in Japan after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power station accident,3 and the challenges to an active surveillance program for patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer.4 The articles on otology focus on the public health and financial outcomes of hearing loss,5 the association between cognitive decline and untreated hearing loss among elderly individuals,6 the outcomes of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy on tinnitus,7 and the results of a randomized clinical trial of tinnitus retraining therapy.8 The article on pediatrics is a multi-institutional, double-blind, noninferiority randomized clinical trial9 that found increased risk of posttonsillectomy bleeding among children who received ibuprofen compared with acetaminophen. The general articles focus on the beneficial outcomes of continuous positive airway pressure machines for patients with obesity and severe obstructive sleep apnea10 and provide a systematic review11 of the results associated with the duration of prophylactic antibiotics after otolaryngology procedures. These articles present topics that have large clinical and population health outcomes, and the findings have the potential to change clinical practice.

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