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Clinical Note
March 2007

Nonsurgical Treatment of Tracheoinnominate Fistula in the Pediatric Population

Author Affiliations

Copyright 2007 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.2007

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;133(3):294-296. doi:10.1001/archotol.133.3.294

The tracheoinnominate fistula (TIF) is a potentially lethal complication traditionally associated with open tracheostomy. Currently, standard treatment involves surgical diversion or occlusion of the innominate artery. Herein, we report the case of a 10-year-old girl with a TIF treated acutely with endovascular stenting; no surgical therapy was undertaken. The patient has been doing well since the procedure, with no associated complications and no further hemorrhaging. Based on the high mortality rate associated with surgical intervention, we believe that endovascular stenting should be considered as the first-line treatment for TIF in the acute setting.