My point of view in this paper is that of the internist who may be called on to decide whether a bronchoscopy is indicated or contraindicated in a given patient. The work of Chevalier Jackson and his pupils has so clearly defined the relation of bronchoscopy to foreign body in the respiratory tract, that I shall omit any reference to that subject. Apart from foreign body work, bronchoscopy has become a valuable procedure in the diagnosis and treatment of many lower respiratory tract lesions. This field of usefulness has been so recently developed that it is well to pause, and endeavor to evaluate at the present time the indications and the contraindications to bronchoscopy. Perhaps I should say skilled bronchoscopy, since with skilled bronchoscopy the indications for its use increase and the contraindications decrease, while in less skilled bronchoscopy the indications decrease and the contraindications increase. To illustrate this point,
FUNK EH. THE CONTRAINDICATIONS TO BRONCHOSCOPY. Arch Otolaryngol. 1925;1(2):209–212. doi:10.1001/archotol.1925.00560010221010
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