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Telangiectasis, which is a varicose enlargement or dilatation of the veins or capillary vessels and minute arteries, is frequently encountered. The site is usually the anterior portion of the cartilaginous septum known as Kiesselbach's area.
This site is the junction of a branch of the superior maxillar artery, called the anterior artery of the septum, and the ascending branch of the palatine artery with numerous communicating branches. The mucous membrane over this area is thin; the arteries and veins are therefore superficial, and hence liable to the slightest injury. The veins are incapable of retracting into deeper tissues after being ruptured If any of these superficial vessels is defective it may give way with the slightest increase of blood tension.
REPORT OF CASES
CASE 1.—G. H., an unmarried girl, aged 17, a student, began to bleed first from one nostril and then from the other six years before she was
SCAL JC. TELANGIECTASIS OF THE NASAL SEPTUM TREATED WITH RADIUM. Arch Otolaryngol. 1928;8(3):312–314. doi:10.1001/archotol.1928.00620020332004
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