Most people do not know how to breathe properly. The exceptions are artists and public speakers who have received correct special training. This breathing defect is due to faulty education in the elementary schools, where the idea seems to prevail that inhalation is accompanied by a forced raising of the shoulders. This is physiologically wrong, but fortunately, for ordinary purposes it does not matter how one breathes, as long as one gets air into the lungs. In the case of singers, speakers and those afflicted with speech disorders, it is a different matter; here, the correct method of breathing is of paramount importance.
THE TYPE OF BREATHING
There are three types of breathing, (1) clavicular or shoulder; (2) costal or side rib, and (3) diaphragmatic or abdominal. Clavicular breathing is the erroneous method already mentioned. A combination of the costal and diaphragmatic breathing constitutes what is known as artistic
GLASSBURG JA. THE IMPORTANCE OF BREATHING IN THE TREATMENT OF SPEECH DISORDERS. Arch Otolaryngol. 1929;9(4):435–439. doi:10.1001/archotol.1929.00620030457010
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