It may be of interest to take up in short review the past history of surgical procedures for the cure of cleft palate, especially between the years 1760 and 1875.
A careful search of the literature, so far as available in the New York Academy of Medicine Library, gave meager returns prior to the year 1760. Sprengel,1 in his "Geschichte der Chirurgie," mentioned a Dutch surgeon, H. van Roonhuyse (1625) as describing the cleft palate in his "Genees- in Heelkonstige Aanmerkingen," but this book could not be located. Sudhoff,2 in his monographs on medieval surgery in the "Studien zur Geschichte der Medizin," gave illustrations of instruments for use in oral surgery.
During the second century, Galen called attention to this deformity but did not go beyond making a few casual observations and naming it Ladocheilos (lip like a hare). Harelip is mentioned by many other authors (Celsus,
MACKENTY JE. THE OPERATIVE TREATMENT OF CLEFT PALATE: A NEW METHOD. Arch Otolaryngol. 1929;10(5):491–512. doi:10.1001/archotol.1929.00620080055005
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