The importance of changes in the esophagus produced by diseases of the heart and aorta is being recognized more and more by roentgenologists and cardiologists throughout the world. Roentgen examination of the esophagus in such cases is often of considerable value as a diagnostic aid in determining the condition of the heart or
Fig. 1.—A, the aortic bed in the esophagus and the cardiac compression are well shown; notice the space between the vertebral column and the lower portion of the esophagus; this is normally occupied by the descending aorta; B, the bifurcation of the trachea is not shown.
aorta. Most of these patients have no esophageal symptoms and esophagoscopy is usually contraindicated; still this paper is presented in the belief that it may be of interest and perhaps of some practical value.
The normal relationships of the esophagus to the heart and aorta are shown in figure 1. The
L. RIGLER, K. A. PHELPS. CHANGES IN THE ESOPHAGUS SECONDARY TO CARDIAC AND AORTIC DISEASES. Arch Otolaryngol. 1930;11(2):188–191. doi:10.1001/archotol.1930.03560020064006