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Article
January 1932

INFECTIONS OF THE THROAT DUE TO HEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCI AND THEIR RELATION TO ARTHRITIS AND ARTHRALGIA: I. OBSERVATIONS WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO STREPTOCOCCUS EPIDEMICUS OF SEPTIC SORE THROAT

Author Affiliations

CHICAGO
From the Department of Pathology and Bacteriology, University of Illinois, College of Medicine.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1932;15(1):71-79. doi:10.1001/archotol.1932.03570030086002
Abstract

The etiologic relationship of streptococci of the throat to various forms of arthritis has been the subject of many investigations. That streptococci are the cause of arthritis has the firm support of many clinicians and research workers. The difficulties have been in the efforts of some to establish a specific streptococcus for certain types of rheumatic arthritis. The result has been a lack of uniformity in bacteriology in various forms of arthritis. The problems would not be so confusing if satisfactory differential features could be established for so-called rheumatic fever, acute rheumatic polyarthritis, infectious arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis deformans, etc.

Three types of streptococci have been described as responsible, isolated either from the blood or joints, or from the responsible infectious foci. They are the hemolytic streptococcus, Streptococcus viridans and an indifferent, nonhemolytic or nonmethemoglobin-forming streptococcus. It is not my purpose to analyze these streptococci in

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