Biologists and physiologists have been studying ciliary activity for almost a century. Rhinologists seem to have neglected the subject despite the fact that the combined scheme of defense afforded by ciliary activity and the mucinous secretion involves one of the most outstanding physiologic activities of the nose. That the mucinous secretion is an important factor in defense often has been stressed. The part played by ciliary activity has been studied also by a number of writers (Yates,1 Bloomfield,2 Bryant,3 Hartz,4 Phillips,5 Schaeffer6 and Crookshank7), but in general it has not been sufficiently emphasized. A comprehensive study of the method and direction of drainage of the nasal surfaces does not seem to have been reported. For studies on the physiology of ciliary movement in general the reader is referred to the works of Gray,8 Parker,9 McDonald,10 White,11 Verworn,12 Grave
HILDING A. THE PHYSIOLOGY OF DRAINAGE OF NASAL MUCUS: I. THE FLOW OF THE MUCUS CURRENTS THROUGH THE DRAINAGE SYSTEM OF THE NASAL MUCOSA AND ITS RELATION TO CILIARY ACTIVITY. Arch Otolaryngol. 1932;15(1):92–100. doi:10.1001/archotol.1932.03570030107004
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