Congenital occulsion of the anterior nares is met with rarely. A survey of the literature has failed to reveal more than a half dozen cases.1 According to Thomson,2 this condition is caused by a "web of skin at the junction of the vestibule with the nasal chamber proper; it may be partial, complete, unilateral or bilateral."
The etiology is not clearly understood. Cheatle1b suggested that the closure may be due to an inflammatory process during intra-uterine life.
Photographs showing (A) small opening in the left nares and (B) constriction of the right nares in case 1 and (C) complete closure of the right nares in case 2.
Williams1a mentioned syphilis and trauma. The cases here reported occurred in two sisters with congenital syphilis. The essential findings are briefly summarized as follows.
REPORT OF CASES
CASE 1.—Bessie W., aged 18, was admitted to the hospital for treatment
WASHBURNE AC. CONGENITAL ATRESIA OF THE ANTERIOR NARES: REPORT OF TWO CASES IN SISTERS. Arch Otolaryngol. 1932;16(6):789–790. doi:10.1001/archotol.1932.00630040804002
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