A state of confusion exists in the literature related to this clinical entity, since different authors, taking into consideration single components of the symptom complex in question, describe typical erysipelas of the larynx under various names.1
From a clinical point of view, erysipelas of the pharynx and larynx forms two different groups. In the first one, described by Darluc,2 Ryland,3 Radcliffe4 and Cornil,5 the disease spreads from the skin to the mucous membranes. In the second group, the pharynx and larynx are primarily affected by the infection (Massei6).
For a certain time Fehleisen's7 streptococcus was considered to be the specific germ of erysipelas. But Fraenkel8 proved that this organism was identical with the common pus-forming streptococcus. Fraenkel obtained a pure culture of streptococcus from a case of purulent peritonitis at autopsy and inoculated a rabbit with it. A typical
KATZ B. ERYSIPELAS OF THE PHARYNX AND LARYNX. Arch Otolaryngol. 1933;17(1):30–37. doi:10.1001/archotol.1933.03570050037004
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