Interest has been aroused in the direct repair of the facial nerve by the work of Bunnell1 and Martin2 and by the more recent results of the experimental work of Ballance and Duel.3 The literature on the subject is well covered in articles written by these investigators. Before reporting two cases of my own in which decompression was done, I shall review the various functions of the interesting seventh nerve. This seems opportune in the light of the recently published work of Reichert and Poth4 of Stanford University, which makes a distinct contribution to the knowledge of the physiology of the facial and glossopharyngeal nerves.
The motor fibers of the seventh nerve to the facial musculature arise in the pons in a cell column common to all the motor cranial nerves except the hypoglossal nerve and the nerves to the eye. This facial nucleus, included
SEWALL EC. DECOMPRESSION OF THE FACIAL NERVE: PHYSIOLOGY OF THE SEVENTH AND NINTH NERVES AND MOVEMENTS OF THE LID IN FACIAL PARALYSIS. Arch Otolaryngol. 1933;18(6):746–752. doi:10.1001/archotol.1933.00630060806002
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.