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April 1934


Author Affiliations

From the otologic service of Dr. Friesner and the laboratories of the Mount Sinai Hospital.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1934;19(4):502-507. doi:10.1001/archotol.1934.03790040090006

Although it has been stated that periarteritis nodosa has been seen to involve nearly every artery in the body (Longcope),1 so far as we have been able to determine, no description exists of the pathologic changes produced by this condition in the temporal bone. In the case to be reported the vascular changes in the temporal bone have been carefully studied. Of further interest is the associated incidental finding of otosclerosis. Before presenting this case it may be advisable to give a brief description of the condition known as periarteritis nodosa.

While the term periarteritis nodosa (Kussmaul and Maier2) connotes an inflammatory lesion about the arteries with formation of nodules on the vessel wall, the condition is in reality an arteritis or a panarteritis involving some or all of the layers of the wall of the artery. While nodules on the vessel may be observed macroscopically, they are