More than a century before 1882, when Koch discovered the tubercle bacillus, a French surgeon, Jean Louis Petit, who lived between 1674 and 1750, described tuberculosis of the mastoid. His observations were followed by those of Romberg, Griselle, Nelaton, Rilliet, Barthez and Geissler, who mentioned the connection between tuberculous dyscrasia and tuberculosis of the middle ear and mastoid.1 Many other valuable anatomic and clinical contributions followed, among them those of Wilde,2 Politzer,3 Schwartze4 and others, so that at the time the causative organism of tuberculosis was demonstrated the definite clinical entity of aural tuberculosis had been established. Considerable impetus was given to the study of the histologic pathology by Koch's discovery as evidenced by the writings of well known otologists of that time, Habermann,4 Schwabach,4 Korner,4 Hegetschweiler,4 Barnick4 and others.
In 1883 Esche5 first actually demonstrated the presence of the
MILLER J. AURAL TUBERCULOSIS. Arch Otolaryngol. 1934;20(5):677–692. doi:10.1001/archotol.1934.03600050064006
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