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The desired end-results after simple mastoidectomy are complete healing of the wound and a dry middle ear. With modern surgical methods and competent after-care, there are but few cases in which healing does not occur promptly, and in these an incomplete operation, extension or complication of the disease or some constitutional dyscrasia is usually to blame. Then, too, there is a type of acute suppurative mastoiditis, notably that which occurs after scarlet fever, in which elements of chronicity are present from the onset of the disease and in which the middle ear may never become dry after simple mastoidectomy.
The length of time required for the wound to heal and the middle ear to become dry varies greatly. There have been cases in which even with a completely destroyed mastoid and a large subperiosteal abscess, the wound has healed in ten days. In other cases a small fistula may
SCHWARTZ AA. REINFECTION OF THE WOUND FOLLOWING MASTOIDECTOMY. Arch Otolaryngol. 1935;21(1):71–75. doi:10.1001/archotol.1935.00640020078008
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