In 1870 Hebra first described rhinoscleroma as a clinical entity, and six years later Mikulicz made careful pathologic studies of the disease. In 1882 Frisch discovered and isolated the causative organism.
In 1923 Figi and Thompson1 presented a report on rhinoscleroma; this report is comprehensive as to the bacteriologic and pathologic phases and the course of the disease and also gives an extensive bibliography. Up to the time of that report there had been only six proved cases of rhinoscleroma at the Mayo Clinic in eight and a half years.
The disease is most common in Russia and in Austria, where it is endemic, and the greater part of the literature concerns cases which occurred in these countries. Cases occur practically all over the world and have been reported as sporadic, but they appear to have been most frequent among Poles, Russians and Austrians. In 1925 twenty-three cases,
SCHWARTZ AA. RHINOSCLEROMA: REPORT OF TWO CASES. Arch Otolaryngol. 1935;21(2):199–204. doi:10.1001/archotol.1935.00640020208010
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