In 1893, Caldwell of New York1 first described the radical operation on the antrum which has since been associated with his name. Shortly after, Spicer of England2 and, still later, Luc of France,3 working independently, each described a similar operation. Both Caldwell and Luc gained access to the anterior bony wall of the antrum by a transverse incision in the mucous membrane of the gingivolabial recess (fig. 1). Spicer used a crucial incision to reach to the anterior surface of the maxilla.
No other modifications of this incision were reported until, in 1930, Menzel of Vienna4 recommended the use of a vertical incision in the Denker operation and a vertical oblique incision in the Caldwell-Luc operation (fig. 2). The latter incision, which has been popularized in this country by Carmody of Denver, is in the direction of the branches of the infra-orbital nerves and also of the quadratus
MONSON LP. THE RIGHT ANGLE INCISION IN THE RADICAL (CALDWELL-LUC) ANTRUM OPERATION. Arch Otolaryngol. 1935;21(2):206–209. doi:10.1001/archotol.1935.00640020215013
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