Sublingual epithelial cysts are of comparatively rare occurrence. Colp1 in 1925 collected from the literature reports of thirty-two cases, not including those reported by Debonnelle2 in 1908. Most of the cases had been reported in the European literature. Since 1925 I have been able to find only six cases reported in the American literature.3
I have used the term epithelial cysts purposely since Colp differentiated between a true dermoid cyst and an epithelial cyst which shows no skin appendages, such as hair, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.
Mikulicz stated that a dermoid cyst can develop in three ways: (1) through closure of the body cavities in the midline, (2) through closure of channels and clefts which were covered by epithelium during fetal life and (3) through abnormal deposits of epidermis in the deeper tissues. Colp stated that a dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth probably
HITZ JB. SUBLINGUAL EPITHELIAL CYST: Report of a Case. Arch Otolaryngol. 1935;21(3):338–340. doi:10.1001/archotol.1935.00640020348010
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: