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Article
September 1935

FAULTY SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS AS A CAUSE OF FOREIGN BODY

Author Affiliations

PHILADELPHIA
From the Department of Bronchoscopy, Temple University.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1935;22(3):293-303. doi:10.1001/archotol.1935.00640030307003
Abstract

The lodgment of teeth, human bones and instruments in the human body during operations about the mouth has been previously considered.1 There is, however, one phase of the matter that deserves further consideration, namely, faulty instruments.

These faults may be (a) in the use of poor or improper material; (b) in defective design, or (c) in improper tempering of steel instruments.

MATERIAL IN SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS

Rustless Steel.—The widespread use of nonoxidizable steel in household utensils and in the manufacture of metal in general suggests that a warning against its indiscriminate use for surgical instruments is advisable. The samples of rustless steel so far examined do not have the reliable qualities that would justify its use in delicate surgical instruments. The same may be said of vanadium and other alloys and even of self-hardening steel.

Tool-Steel.—Saws, rasps, rongeurs, knives, shears, scissors and cutting instruments in

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