Nondiphtheritic laryngotracheitis is a term more descriptive of a single phase of an infection of the upper respiratory tract than of a clinical entity.
In certain epidemics of various diseases there appear organisms which have a definite affinity for certain tissues. Experience has shown that some winters there will be a greater incidence of cases of infection of the mastoid although there does not appear to be any increase in the number of cases of infection of the upper respiratory tract. Similarly, some years will yield a greater number of cases of empyema following pneumonia despite the fact that there is not an increased prevalence of pneumonia. This selective phase of an apparently mild infection of the upper respiratory tract has been clearly shown during the winter season of 1933-1934 in and about Los Angeles. As a result, I have collected a series of forty-three cases of laryngotracheitis, in all
SMITH WJ. ACUTE LARYNGOTRACHEITIS IN CHILDREN: A STUDY OF FORTY-THREE CASES OCCURRING AT THE CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL, LOS ANGELES, IN EPIDEMIC FORM, DURING THE FALL AND WINTER OF 1933-1934. Arch Otolaryngol. 1936;23(4):420–428. doi:10.1001/archotol.1936.00640040429003
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