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July 1936


Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, the University of Chicago.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1936;24(1):68-75. doi:10.1001/archotol.1936.00640050075007

In 1928 Bast1 described a fold in the posterior wall of the utricle at the site of the utricular duct which he named the utriculoendolymphatic valve. This name was suggested by its anatomic structure and position. It appeared to guard the opening of the utricular duct into the utricle. This structure was seen first in sections from the ear of a human fetus. In 1929 Wilson and Anson2 described the structure in a child, and later that year they also described it in the adult human ear,3 having observed it in eleven different specimens. A thorough study with reconstructed models of the utriculo-endolymphatic valve as it occurs in different animals was made in 1931 by Hoffman and Bast,4 who concluded that this structure "is a definite and constant feature of the membranous labyrinth of the mammalian ear." Roberts5 studied the utriculo-endolymphatic valve in the