The most effective agents and procedures for the treatment of hemangioma of the face are, in the order of their usefulness, radium, electrocoagulation, excision and injection of sclerosing substances. Ligation of the afferent vessels and various plastic procedures are frequently used to supplement these measures. Application of carbon dioxide snow, electrodesiccation, cautery, introduction of subcutaneous sutures, roentgen therapy, ultraviolet irradiation and application of collodion have a much more limited field of usefulness. While the results obtainable with these forms of treatment vary greatly, choice of therapy is usually determined largely by the experience of the clinician with any one or group of them.
Although adults not infrequently have this type of tumor, the great majority of patients with angioma are children. It is, in fact, the most common tumor of childhood. In most instances it is present at birth, but in many cases it does not become evident for days,