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January 1937


Arch Otolaryngol. 1937;25(1):63-65. doi:10.1001/archotol.1937.00650010071008

Neuro-otologic examinations were conducted on sixty-three patients suffering from epilepsy who entered the Passavant Memorial Hospital for intensive study. Among these there were forty-three with idiopathic and twenty with organic epilepsy. The examinations consisted of otoscopic study, tests for hearing of the whispered and spoken voice and for labyrinthine function by studies of caloric nystagmus and past pointing, using water at 68 F., and by the galvanic falling test, a recently described clinical application of this reaction.1 In these reports a large series of patients who reacted to galvanic falling while standing on a balance board were described. In my series of normal persons, generally from 1 to 3 milliamperes of galvanic current and rarely 5 milliamperes was necessary to produce falling. Labyrinths inactive to caloric stimulation failed to react to a large amount of galvanic current (20 milliamperes).

Of the sixty-three patients examined for hearing, fifty-five (87 per cent)