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Atresia or stenosis of the nares is brought about by the lack or loss of the normal mucous membrane lining of the vestibule of the nose. In the majority of these conditions there are sufficient skin coverage and cartilage support for the tip and alae, but the lack of mucosal lining for the nasal vestibule causes complete or partial closure of the nasal apertures.
Surgical procedures directed toward the correction of atresia and stenosis of the nares must of necessity supply an epithelial lining that will restore the normal shape and contour of the nostril, nasal tip and alae, and these procedures should be so designed that postoperative collapse, shrinkage and distortion are eliminated if one wishes to restore the nose as a part of the normal respiratory apparatus.
The usual causes of atresia or stenosis of the nares, excepting the congenital abnormalities, are infection, trauma and postoperative sequelae. Among
O'CONNOR GB. AN OPERATION FOR THE CORRECTION OF ATRESIA OR STENOSIS OF THE ANTERIOR NARES. Arch Otolaryngol. 1937;25(2):208–210. doi:10.1001/archotol.1937.00650010230009
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