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July 1937


Arch Otolaryngol. 1937;26(1):1-8. doi:10.1001/archotol.1937.00650020007001

Climate may be defined as the atmospheric factors affecting vegetable and animal life, including temperature, humidity, sunlight and movements of the air as winds as well as waters and locations.

As early as 2300 B. C. it was recorded that people from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea traveled eastward to China because of droughts which rendered their former homes impossible. It is not strange to find that the Greek philosophers studied the climate and its influence and that many temples of health were built. Baths were established; water from springs was used, and open air theaters were built to accommodate as many as 20,000 to 25,000 persons. The Greeks perfected physical development above learning and thought that illness of the soul could be reached through the body.

About 300 B. C. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, wrote an interesting book on "Airs, Waters and Places." This book was no