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Article
September 1940

AVIATION DEAFNESS—ACUTE AND CHRONIC

Author Affiliations

Flight Surgeon CHICAGO; Major, U. S. Army; Flight Surgeon UNITED STATES ARMY
From the Department of Otolaryngology of the United States Army Air Corps, School of Aviation Medicine.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1940;32(3):417-428. doi:10.1001/archotol.1940.00660020421001
Abstract

Since the Wright brothers made their inaugural flight at Kitty Hawk, N. C., on Dec. 17, 1903, sporadic observations concerning the effects of flight on the ears have appeared in the literature of most of the aviation-minded nations. The more serious and scientific reports began about 1926, with the observations of Bauer in his treatise "Aviation Medicine."1 This has been followed by excellent investigations and observations by Myrick,2 Bunch,3 Armstrong and Heim4 and most recently by the work of Dickson, Ewing and Littler of England.5

After a survey of the literature, our experience and investigative work at the School of Aviation Medicine at Randolph Field, Texas, led us to believe that a further clarification of the matter would be timely.

It is our belief that the deafness of aviators may be classified according to cause as follows:

  1. Acute fatigue of the end organ of hearing and related structures.

  2. Chronic accumulative

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