Chronic rhinitis with engorgement or congestion of the turbinates is a common disorder. Pathologically and clinically it has been classified as turgescent, intumescent, vasomotor, hyperesthetic, allergic, hypertrophic and hyperplastic rhinitis. The variations in nomenclature are somewhat confusing.
These types of rhinitis cause nasal obstruction. The chronic simple form is characterized by chronic inflammation and swelling of the soft tissues with distention of the blood sinuses of the turbinates and with a varying degree of proliferation of connective tissue, from prolonged or frequent recurrences of acute inflammation, chronic sinal disease, anatomic defects and related disorders. The mucous membrane appears swollen, smooth and reddened. Patients with rhinitis of the intumescent form complain of nasal obstruction, particularly night and morning, with frequent headaches of varying intensity. Hypertrophic rhinitis can be considered as a later form, differing from the chronic simple form by its association with an enlargement of the cellular elements of the
THACKER EA, HAUSER GH. SODIUM MORRHUATE THERAPY FOR CHRONIC SIMPLE, VASOMOTOR AND HYPERTROPHIC FORMS OF RHINITIS. Arch Otolaryngol. 1941;33(4):600–617. doi:10.1001/archotol.1941.00660030608009
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