In his paper on the "Endaural, Antauricular Surgical Approach to the Temporal Bone," Lempert1 concluded:
A careful comparative study of the postoperative course, the convalescence, the period of healing and the ultimate end results obtained in the 1,780 consecutive cases in which operation was performed by me through the endaural, antauricular surgical approach... more than justifies my abandonment of the postauricular approach to the temporal bone.
With a view to investigating this method of approach, we employed the endaural route in operating on a small number of patients who entered the otolaryngological service of the Massachusetts Memorial Hospitals from January to July 1940, and compared the postoperative course and results with those in a similar group of cases in which operation was performed by the postaural approach. It is not our purpose in this paper to discuss the anatomic and surgical details of the method (for a discussion of these
JOHNSON LF, ZONDERMAN B. EXPERIENCES WITH ENDAURAL SURGERY: PRELIMINARY REPORT. Arch Otolaryngol. 1941;33(6):1004–1007. doi:10.1001/archotol.1941.00660031015009
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