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July 1942


Arch Otolaryngol. 1942;36(1):95-107. doi:10.1001/archotol.1942.03760010105009

In this article I shall describe two functions regarding which I believe I have obtained new information: First, the kinetovisual function of the vestibular apparatus and, second, kinetic vision. Both of these functions come into action during vision of moving objects.

The kinetovisual function of the vestibular apparatus cooperates with the visual apparatus in vision of moving objects during movements of the head. I believe this function to have been hitherto unknown, as I do not find it described in any textbook of physiology, although its existence has been suspected by almost every investigator. The reflexes which govern this function, such as the compensatory movements of the eyes, the Gegenrollung, or counter rotation, and the perrotatory nystagmus, have been thoroughly studied, and the purpose of these reflexes, to retain the orientation of the visual field on the retina, is also known. I shall show a relationship between these reflexes which

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