Rhinoscleroma was so named by von Hebra, a Viennese dermatologist, who, with his colleague Kaposi, first described the disease. His first cases, 9 in number, 4 patients males and 5 females, were presented before the medical society of Vienna in 1870; but as early as 1852 he had observed a case in Paris which in retrospect he believed to be an instance of the same condition. Thirty years prior to von Hebra's presentation of these cases, a Dr. Bierkowski, of the surgical clinic of Cracovie, had made plaster molds which showed all the characteristics of rhinoscleroma. He considered this disease to be some bizarre form of cutaneous cancer and consequently made no effort to classify it as a new disease entity. Von Hebra and Kaposi (1874) and Bierkowski were also ignorant of the true nature of the disease, for they believed it to be a type of granulation sarcoma,
CUNNING DS, GUERRY DP. SCLEROMA. Arch Otolaryngol. 1942;36(5):662–678. doi:10.1001/archotol.1942.03760050054005
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