At the close of World War I an estimated 40,000 aural casualties of all degrees of hearing impairment returned to civilian life after discharge or resignation from the Armed Forces of the United States. At the present moment there are six times as many men in the American Armed Forces as there were in the last war and they are scattered over the entire globe. On a purely numerical basis one may expect a quarter million aural casualties in this war. But there are many other factors to be considered. The hazards to hearing have increased to an immeasurable extent. It can properly be assumed that no combat aviator will return to civil life at the war's end with normal hearing, despite the fact that his induction into this branch of the service required perfect hearing. Aural infection and complications of contagion are undoubtedly under better control, but acoustic trauma,
HUGHSON W, THOMPSON E. HEARING AIDS. Arch Otolaryngol. 1944;39(3):245–249. doi:10.1001/archotol.1944.00680010258006
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