The literature for 1943 on chronic progressive deafness is noteworthy for the continued interest in Ménière's disease and for articles by Day and Goodyear presenting a new surgical treatment for this condition. The literature is reviewed in the following order:
Pathology and Etiology
Medical Treatment of Otosclerosis
Surgical Treatment of Otosclerosis
Chronic Adhesive Deafness
Primary Nerve Deafness
Nerve Deafness from Acoustic Trauma
Nerve Deafness from Miscellaneous Causes
Nerve Deafness from Drugs
Treatment of Nerve Deafness
Pathology and Etiology.—Spira1 suggests that otosclerosis may be the result of fluorosis, which interferes with the function of the parathyroid glands. The facts that a disturbance of labyrinthine equilibrium occurs in parathyroidectomized rats, that the incidence of otosclerosis and that of fluorosis are both high in England and that some investigators have found serum calcium lowered in 84 per cent of patients with otosclerosis are adduced as evidence in favor of his hypothesis. (Comment: A novel theory, based
SHAMBAUGH GE, CUTLER MH. CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE DEAFNESS, INCLUDING OTOSCLEROSIS AND DISEASES OF THE INNER EAR. Arch Otolaryngol. 1945;41(2):147–154. doi:10.1001/archotol.1945.00680030172009
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