Fractures of the facial bones occur more frequently in wartime. Injuries sustained in hazardous mechanical transportation and gunshot wounds of the face are some of the causes for the increased frequency.
The fractures are usually multiple, depressed and frequently compounded through the skin or into the paranasal sinuses. The bones involved are the nasal, frontal and orbital bones, the zygomatic arch and the malar bone, the maxilla and the mandible. Proper setting of the fractures is mandatory for restoration of functions like mastication and coordination of eye muscles, as well as for cosmetic appearance.
Following are the requisite qualities of a splint: It must be firmly yet comfortably fixed to the uninjured parts of the skull. It must be light in weight. There must be provision for multiple attachments, with each one movable to any desired position around and distant from the face. The amount of traction must be adjust-
WACHSBERGER LCA. MODIFIED TRACTION AND FIXATION SPLINT FOR FRACTURES OF FACIAL BONES. Arch Otolaryngol. 1945;42(1):53–55. doi:10.1001/archotol.1945.00680040067010
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