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September 1945


Arch Otolaryngol. 1945;42(3):186-187. doi:10.1001/archotol.1945.00680040246006

That Ménière's disease is due to hemorrhage into the labyrinth is a tenet still commonly held and widely taught. This teaching is based on a misinterpretation of Ménière's description of the autopsy in a single case which he published in his original paper, and the doctrine has led to great confusion of thought. It is in the hope of finally setting the record straight that this account of the famous but ill fated necropsy has been written.

On Jan. 8, 1861, at the Academy of Medicine in Paris, Ménière read his first paper on the condition which is now recognized under his name.1 This paper was subsequently published in the Gazette médicale de Paris for September 21 of the same year,2 and there, on page 598, will be found the account of the autopsy which has led to all the trouble. Translated, it reads thus:

I have spoken elsewhere, a