THIS preliminary report is not intended as a completely scientific study of a problem about which much is still being written but rather as an attempt from an overseas theater to add some material for the evaluation of penicillin as used in the oral therapy of tonsillar infections. Only two conditions will be dealt with in this report: Vincent's angina and acute follicular tonsillitis.
There is still much discussion as to the etiologic nature of Vincent's angina, and poor oral hygiene, local irritation, debilitating disease and other conditions have been called predisposing factors. The question has been raised as to whether the spirochetes and the fusiform bacilli of Vincent may not be pleomorphic forms of the same organism. However that may be, the manner in which lesions showing the presence of these organisms respond to treatment with penicillin can leave little doubt that Vincent's organisms are certainly associated with the