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November 1946


Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, Baylor University College of Medicine, and Hermann Hospital.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1946;44(5):574-580. doi:10.1001/archotol.1946.00680060597007

BRONCHOLITHIASIS was first reported by Schenck1 in 1600, but the expectoration of calcareous material has been observed since the time of Aristotle. The condition is not common, as is indicated by the fact than Van Ordstrand, Moore and Harris2 reviewed the English literature from 1900 to 1941 and found only 26 cases. They reported 2 cases, and, in 1944, 4 more cases were reported, 3 by Tinney and Moersch3 and 1 by Anderson and MacKay.4 This makes a total of 32 cases for that period. These reported cases are of broncholithiasis as a clinical entity, in distinction from the various types of intrapulmonary calcification. This does not represent the actual incidence of the condition, as Tinney and Moersch3 were able to collect 28 cases of broncholithiasis from the files of the Mayo Clinic.

ETIOLOGY  The term broncholithiasis is defined as the formation of calculi in a bronchus, but it has