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Article
March 1947

SCULPTURED SYNTHETIC PROSTHESES AS IMPLANTS IN PLASTIC SURGERY

Author Affiliations

CHICAGO
From the Eye and Ear Infirmary, University of Illinois.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1947;45(3):339-347. doi:10.1001/archotol.1947.00690010350009
Abstract

THE APPEARANCE of new literature to describe artificial substances and the technic of building these materials as substitutes for missing parts of the body indicates the limitations of materials that plastic surgeons have had to work with. Problems of the shape of the cartilage and the bone of the donor, of the absorption of the transplanted living material and of hand molding of cancellous bone have limited the sculptural effects otherwise possible in plastic surgery.

But quite clever implantation technics were devised by imaginative surgeons. The diced cartilage technic for the filling of defects under the skin is one of these. Yet there is a need for further versatility in the adoption of useful implantation materials.

Prosthetic implants of ivory, celluloid, steel and tantalum are a partial fulfilment of the need for such materials. The newer synthetic resins, those which can be polymerized to a state of biologic inertness, promise

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