THE CONCUSSION or blast produced by the high explosives used in modern warfare is greatly injurious to the auditory apparatus. This fact quickly became obvious to an otolaryngologist treating battle casualties in World War II. On my service in one of the United States Army general hospitals in England more patients were seen with blast injury of the ears than with any other injury or disease. The studies reported here were made on 100 patients with acoustic trauma admitted to this general hospital in the first six months after the invasion of the European Continent in June 1944. These were the first 100 patients who could be adequately studied, although many others were seen and treated during this period. The patients not included in this series were eliminated because of other injuries which prevented audiometric examination or because they were under observation for too short a time. Many of these
FRIEDMAN O. BLAST INJURIES OF THE EARS. Arch Otolaryngol. 1948;47(4):471–484. doi:10.1001/archotol.1948.00690030493011
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