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April 1948

The Oculorotary Muscles.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1948;47(4):549. doi:10.1001/archotol.1948.00690030571025

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Here is a well organized, well written, practical treatise on the extraocular muscles which it is a pleasure to read. The book contains thorough, but concise, sections on anatomy and physiology, heterophoria, heterotropia, diagnosis and treatment. Surgical technics, however, are not included, although general surgical principles are discussed.

While the authorities are cited throughout, the citations are far from being mere repetitions of orthodox opinions. The author has a stimulating array of original thought and research with which to enliven his writing.

The concept of lateral phoria as a single innervational entity depending on the state of tonicity of a convergence center is definitely appealing by reason of its simplicity and plausibility. Chapters on hyperphoria and cyclophoria deserve to be well studied by the refractionist. Hyperphoria is presented from the standpoint of White, who stated, in 1932, that it was caused in 98 per cent of the cases by a

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