WHILE actinomycosis is an unusual disease, it can hardly be considered rare. Actinomycosis of the jaws is not uncommon. Thus Axhausen1 claimed that he saw 30 cases in an average year. In all, however, the disease is rare enough that it is not often thought of as a diagnostic possibility. This is particularly true in the field of otolaryngology, where the reports of invasion of the paranasal sinuses are exceptional. Why this situation should exist when the disease is commonest in the jaws and the cervicofacial region is a matter for conjecture and further study. Reports of actinomycetic infections involving the maxillary sinus have been rare. Voss2 (1939) reported 1 case, as did Hersh3 in 1945.
Matheis4 stated that 60 per cent of all cases of actinomycosis involve the head and neck, the typical history beginning with a dental extraction. Of Dobson and Cutting's5 11
LEWY RB, MANNING EL. ACTINOMYCOSIS INVOLVING ETHMOID AND MAXILLARY SINUSES: Report of a Case. Arch Otolaryngol. 1949;49(4):423–430. doi:10.1001/archotol.1949.03760100091008
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