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April 1950


Arch Otolaryngol. 1950;51(4):629-637. doi:10.1001/archotol.1950.00700020652015

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Electroencephalography in Diagnosis of Hearing Loss in the Very Young Child.Dr. Richard E. Marcus, Dr. E. L. Gibbs and Dr. F. A. Gibbs (by invitation).  Hearing in the young child may become seriously impaired or lost completely as the result of numerous local or systemic diseases and certain, poorly understood, hereditary or intrauterine influences. Because of the tremendous social handicap imposed on the child with defective hearing, an early, definitive diagnosis is imperative, so that specific therapy and proper educational technics may be employed.This study is concerned with the nonspecific arousal response noted on the electroencephalographic tracing when a loud sound is used as a stimulus while the child or infant is asleep. If the sound is perceived, a definite change in the brain wave pattern becomes evident. Stimulation of olfactory and taste sensation was used as a control in 19 patients whose ages ranged from 17 months to

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