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August 1950


Arch Otolaryngol. 1950;52(2):257-277. doi:10.1001/archotol.1950.00700030278015

FOR THE purpose of description, fractures of the facial bones may be divided into four groups: (1) fractures of the nasal bones ( recent and old); (2) fractures of the malar bone and superior maxilla (recent and old); (3) fractures of the mandible, and (4) fractures of all the facial bones.

To include all these classifications in this monograph would extend it much too far. The paper will therefore be limited to injuries of the nose and malar-zygomatic arch, since they are of particular interest to the rhinologist and, because of their prominence in the face, are the bones most frequently injured.

The rhinologist, being completely familiar with the anatomy, the physiologic functions and the diagnosis and treatment of disease or injury of the nose and sinuses, should be responsible for the care and repair of these injuries, either immediate or deferred. The structures of the nasal cavity, the septum,