The most dreaded late complication of hemorrhagic disease of the newborn (erythroblastosis fetalis) is kernicterus. This is manifest pathologically as more or less symmetrical yellow pigmentation of the basal ganglions and certain brain nuclei associated with severe cell damage and clinically as motor abnormalities and varying degrees of permanent mental retardation.1 To the best of our knowledge, deafness has never been described as one of the sequelae.
Baby K. is the result of the second pregnancy of a 34 year old white Rh-negative woman. The first child, a girl, was born in 1940; the pregnancy was uneventful, and the child is well. The last menstruation period before the present gestation was June 20, 1948; the expected date of delivery was March 27, 1949, the actual date March 11. On August 15 the mother was found to be Rh negative and the husband Rh positive. At this time she had no
BARNETT RN, RYDER CF. DEAFNESS AND KERNICTERUS. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1950;52(5):771–772. doi:10.1001/archotol.1950.00700030797005
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