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In the performance of endaural surgery adequate visualization of the cavity is occasionally interfered with by prolapsing temporal muscle. While this problem offers no serious hindrance to the performance of operative procedure in that an assistant can hold a narrow blade retractor at the necessary times, it can be a Endaural retractor with temporal muscle blade. nuisance. In seeking a solution to this problem, Dr. Howard P. House and I, simultaneously and independently, consulted Mr. Eric A. Storz of the Storz Instrument Company about the possibility of adding a temporal muscle retractor blade to the standard type of endaural retractor, as modified by Dr. Julius Lempert and Dr. Philip E. Meltzer. The illustration demonstrates the instrument which resulted from these discussions. The ordinary endaural retractor is set in place and expanded. The temporal muscle is then engaged in the temporal blade and retracted to the required degree. The blade is
ROBERT HENNER. AN ENDAURAL RETRACTOR WITH TEMPORAL MUSCLE BLADE. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1950;52(5):792. doi:10.1001/archotol.1950.00700030818011