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Article
August 1951

MALFORMATIONS OF THE AURICLE AND THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS: A Critical Review

Author Affiliations

NEW YORK
From the Department of Otolaryngology, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons (Director E. P. Fowler Jr., M.D.).

AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1951;54(2):115-139. doi:10.1001/archotol.1951.03750080003001
Abstract

AURICLE  IN VIEW of the development of the auricle, it is easily understood that one may find a great variability in the external configuration, particularly of the complicated relief of the auricle. These variations, however, are generally minute and may frequently be considered as physiological rather than pathological variations.Anomalies in the Position of the Auricle.—With the head in an erect position, the external opening of the external auditory meatus is situated at the level of the upper margin of the ala nasi (Langer). Some old authors, and recently Desfosses, have concluded from the representation in works of art such as statues and paintings that in the ancient Egyptians the auricle had a particularly high location on the head. This assumption, however, has already been refuted by Langer. Examination of the heads of mummies shows that the auricle in ancient Egyptians had exactly the same location as it has

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