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Article
August 1951

DERMOID CYST OF THE MIDLINE OF THE NECK

Author Affiliations

PHILADELPHIA

AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1951;54(2):183-186. doi:10.1001/archotol.1951.03750080071010
Abstract

DERMOID cysts have been reported frequently in the American and British medical literature, but those occurring in the midline of the neck have been rarely mentioned. Lahey1 reported their occurrence in an article on tumors of the neck. Papers by Clute and Cattell2 and McClintock3 stress the difficulty of differential diagnosis between midline dermoids and thyroglossal-duct cysts, but do not contain presentations of cases. New and Erich,4 in a report published in 1937, clarified the classification of the three types of dermoid cysts. The cysts are subdivided into groups on the basis of their pathogenesis as well as their gross and microscopic appearance. The first type is the congenital dermoid cyst, which is teratoma-like and arises from the embryonic germinal epithelium. This is the most complex in structure and is most frequently found in the ovary and the testicle. The second type is the acquired implantation

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