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May 1952


Author Affiliations

From the Rhino-Laryngological Service of Kingston Avenue Hospital, and the Oto-Laryngological Service of the University of New York, University State Medical Center at New York City, College of Medicine, Services of Dr. J. G. Gilbert.

AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1952;55(5):566-581. doi:10.1001/archotol.1952.00710010580007

DESPITE recent advances in antibiotic therapy, severe infectious nondiphtheritic croup remains a cause for considerable morbidity and mortality among children. Severe hypoxia still occurs in many children suffering from croup either because proper treatment is not instituted promptly enough or because too much reliance is placed on the use of antibiotic and chemotherapeutic agents alone. Since the report of one of us (J. G. G.) in 1941 of 226 cases of nondiphtheritic infectious croup,1 a further experience with more than 2,000 cases of croup on our service at Kingston Avenue Hospital has afforded us an ample opportunity for a study of this condition. Special reference will be made in this article to those cases in which in our experience laryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, or tracheotomy is still required and to those factors which in our opinion have led in recent years to an improvement in our results and a reduction of

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