IT IS THE intention of this article to discuss the problems in the treatment of oroantral fistulas and to re-present an operation for their closure that has not received the recognition it deserves.
Alveolar fistulas may be divided into two types: the acute, or those of recent origin; and the chronic, or those of long duration.
ACUTE OROANTRAL FISTULA
Extraction of one of the upper molar teeth is the usual cause of acute oroantral fistulas. They are therefore first seen by the dentist, although the rhinologist may be consulted to help care for the sinus complication. Rhinologists are fairly well agreed regarding the management of the acute condition, as mentioned in Barton's1a summary. The fundamentals of treatment of acute oroantral fistulas include (1) adequate antimicrobial therapy, preferably penicillin; (2) no manipulation through the fistula (which includes no probing, no packing into the antrum, and no irrigation of the antrum
WALLNER LJ. TREATMENT OF OROANTRAL FISTULA. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1952;55(6):666–670. doi:10.1001/archotol.1952.00710010681003
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