It was felt that it would be of value to have a forceps which could grip cerumen or other semisoft material without biting through it and tearing it, especially for removing cerumen which did not come out of the ear canal easily by irrigation. The Hartmann forceps (Fig. 1) and other types which come to a point at the end usually tear through the material or, having sharp edges, cut through it.
Fig. 1.—Hartmann forceps.
Realizing how easily the ear canal can be traumatized, I had preferred the blunt Buck ring curettes for removing cerumen. It was felt that if two small blunt rings could be combined in a forceps, the rings with blunt sides could give a wide surface to grip without having sharp edges which might cut.
An instrument like this, consisting of a Hartmann type forceps with jaws consisting of two blunt rings, each 2 mm. in
MANNING EL. MODIFICATION OF HARTMANN FORCEPS. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1952;55(6):722–723. doi:10.1001/archotol.1952.00710010737009
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